Sierra Leone, officially the Republic of Sierra Leone, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by Guinea in the northeast, Liberia in the southeast, and the Atlantic Ocean in the southwest.
Official Name: Republic of Sierra Leone
Short form: Sierra Leone
Capital City: Freetown (1 million)
Country Calling Code: +232
Other Cities: Bo, Kenema, Lungi, Makeni, Yengema
Government Type: Republic
Independence: 27 April 1961 (from Britain).
Nationality: Sierra Leonean(s).
Population: 5.4 million (2011 est.)
Ethnic Groups: Temne 30%, Mende 30%, Krio 1%, small Lebanese community.
Religions: Muslim 60%, Christian 30%, Indigenous beliefs 10%.
Languages: English (official, regular use limited to literate minority), Krio, Temne, Mende, and 15 other indigenous languages.
Natural Resources: Diamonds, gold, titanium, bauxite, iron ore, chromite.
Agriculture Products: Rice, coffee, cocoa, palm kernels, palm oil, peanuts; poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs; fish.
Industries: Diamonds mining; small-scale manufacturing (beverages, textiles, cigarettes, footwear); petroleum refining.
Currency: New Leone (SLL)
Source: www.nationsonline.org/Africa; www.bbc.com/ Sierra Leone Profile; other.