Namibia officially the Republic of Namibia is a country in southern Africa on the Atlantic coast. It shares borders with Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east, and South Africa to the south. Namibia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations.
Official Name: Republic of Namibia
Short Form: Namibia
Country Calling Code: +264
Capital City: Windhoek (pop. 240 000)
Other Cities: Grootfontein, Katima Mulilo, Keetmanshoop, Luderitz, Ondangwa, Oranjemund, Oshakati, Otjiwarongo, Swakopmund, Tsumeb, Walvis Bay.
Government Type: Republic.
Independence: 21 March 1990 (from South African mandate).
Population: 2.28 million (2011, UN estimate)
Ethnic groups: Black 87%; white 6%; mixed race 7%. About 50% of the population belong to Ovambo ethnic group, and 9% to the Kavango ethnic group. Other ethnic groups are: Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, San 3%, Baster 2%, and Tswana 0.5%.
Religions: Predominantly Christian; 10% indigenous beliefs.
Languages: English (official; 7%); Afrikaans (lingua franca), German. Indigenous languages: Setswana, Lozi, Oshiwambo, Otjiherero, Rukwangali, Damara.
Natural Resources: Diamonds, copper, gold, uranium, lead, tin, zinc, salt, vanadium, fisheries, and wildlife; suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore.
Agriculture Products: Livestock, millet, fish and fish products, grapes, wool.
Industries: Meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining.
Currency: Namibian Dollar (NAD); South African Rand (ZAR)
Source: www.nationsonline.org/Africa; www.bbc.com/ Namibia Profile; other.