Namibia

Namibia

Namibia

Namibia officially the Republic of Namibia is a country in southern Africa on the Atlantic coast. It shares borders with Angola and Zambia to the north, Botswana to the east, and South Africa to the south. Namibia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations.

Official Name: Republic of Namibia

Short Form: Namibia

Country Calling Code: +264

Capital City: Windhoek (pop. 240 000)

Other Cities: Grootfontein, Katima Mulilo, Keetmanshoop, Luderitz, Ondangwa, Oranjemund, Oshakati, Otjiwarongo, Swakopmund, Tsumeb, Walvis Bay.

Government Type: Republic.

Independence: 21 March 1990 (from South African mandate).

Nationality: Namibian(s).

Population: 2.28 million (2011, UN estimate)

Ethnic groups: Black 87%; white 6%; mixed race 7%. About 50% of the population belong to Ovambo ethnic group, and 9% to the Kavango ethnic group. Other ethnic groups are: Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, San 3%, Baster 2%, and Tswana 0.5%.

Religions: Predominantly Christian; 10% indigenous beliefs.

Languages: English (official; 7%); Afrikaans (lingua franca), German. Indigenous languages: Setswana, Lozi, Oshiwambo, Otjiherero, Rukwangali, Damara.

Natural Resources: Diamonds, copper, gold, uranium, lead, tin, zinc, salt, vanadium, fisheries, and wildlife; suspected deposits of oil, coal, and iron ore.

Agriculture Products: Livestock, millet, fish and fish products, grapes, wool.

Industries: Meatpacking, fish processing, dairy products; mining.

Currency: Namibian Dollar (NAD); South African Rand (ZAR)

Source: www.nationsonline.org/Africa; www.bbc.com/ Namibia Profile; other.