The Gambia officially the Republic of The Gambia is a country in Western Africa. It is the smallest country on the African continental mainland and is bordered to the north, east, and south by Senegal, and has a small coast on the Atlantic Ocean in the west.
Official Name: Republic of The Gambia
Short form: The Gambia
Country Calling Code: +220
Capital City: Banjul (pop. 35 000, with suburbs 500 000)
Other Cities: Serrekunda (pop. 200 000), Basse Santa Su, Georgetown (Jangjang-bureh), Juffureh.
Government Type: Republic
Independence: 18 February 1965 (from the UK).
Population: 1.7 million (2010 UN estimate).
Ethnic groups: Mandinka 40%, Fula 18%, Wolof 14%, Jola 10%, Serahule 9%, Serere 8%, Krio/Aku Marabout, Manjago, Bambara, Non-Gambians 13% of the population.
Religions: Muslim 85%, Christian 4%, Indigenous beliefs.
Languages: English (official), Mandinka, Wolof, Fula (Pulaar), Jola, other indigenous languages.
Natural Resources: Fish, titanium, tin, zircon, silica sand.
Agriculture Products: Peanuts, rice, millet, sorghum, fish, palm kernels, vegetables, livestock, forestry.
Industries: Peanut products, construction, telecommunications, brewing; tourism.
Currency: Dalasi (GMD)
Source: www.nationsonline.org/Africa; www.bbc.com/ Gambia Profile; other.