Gabon is a country in west central Africa sharing borders with Equatorial Guinea, Cameroon, Republic of the Congo and the Gulf of Guinea.
Official Name: République Gabonaise
Short Form: Gabon
Country Calling Code: +241
Capital City: Libreville (pop. 450 000)
Other Cities: Port-Gentil (120 000), Lambaréné, Franceville, Mouila, Tchibanga, Makokou, Koulamoutou, Port-Gentil, Oyem.
Government Type: Republic
Independence: 17 August 1960 (from France).
Population: 1.5 million (2010 UN estimate)
Ethnic groups: Over 40 ethnic groups: Fang (34%), Bapounou (22%), M’Bete (14%), Bandjabi (11%), Bakota (6%), and Myene (5%).
Religions: Christianity, Islam, Indigenous beliefs.
Languages: French (official), Fang, Myene, Bateke, Bapounou/Eschira, Bandjabi.
Natural Resources: Petroleum, natural gas, diamond, niobium, manganese, uranium, gold, timber, iron ore, hydropower.
Agriculture Products: Cocoa, coffee, sugar, palm oil, rubber; cattle; okoume (a tropical softwood); fish.
Industries: Petroleum extraction and refining; manganese, and gold mining; chemicals; ship repair; food and beverage; textile.
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine Francs CFA (XAF)
Source: www.nationsonline.org/Africa; www.bbc.com/ Gabon Profile; other.