Chad officially known as the Republic of Chad is a landlocked country in central Africa. It is bordered by Libya to the northwest, Sudan to the east, the Central African Republic to the south, Cameroon and Nigeria to the southwest, and Niger to the west. Due to its distance from the sea and its largely desert climate, the country is sometimes referred to as the “Dead Heart of Africa”.
Official Name: Repúblique du Tchad Short form: Tchad International Short Form: Chad
Country Calling Code: +235
Capital City: N’Djamena (pop. 1 million est.)
Other Cities: Sarh, Moundou, Abéché, Faya-Largeau, Doba.
Government Type: Republic.
Independence: 11 August 1960 (from France).
Population: 11.3 million (2009 census)
Ethnic Groups: 200 distinct groups. In the north and center: Gorane (Toubou, Daza, Kreda), Zaghawa, Kanembou, Ouaddai, Arabs, Baguirmi, Hadjerai, Fulbe, Kotoko, Hausa, Boulala, and Maba, In the south: Sara (Ngambaye, Mbaye, Goulaye), Moudang, Moussei, Massa.
Religions: Muslim 51%, Christian 35%, Indigenous beliefs147%.
Languages: French and Arabic (official); Sara (in the south), more than 120 indigenous Chadian languages and dialects.
atural Resources: Petroleum, natron (sodium carbonate), kaolin, gold, bauxite, tin, tungsten, titanium, iron ore.
Agriculture Products: Cotton, gum arabic, livestock, fish, peanuts, millet, sorghum, rice, sweet potatoes, cassava, dates, manioc.
Industries: meat-packing, beer brewing, soap, cigarettes, construction materials, natron mining, soft-drink bottling.
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine Franc CFA (XAF)
Source: www.nationsonline.org/Africa; www.bbc.com/ Chad Profile; other.