Burundi, officially the Republic of Burundi, is a small country in the Great Lakes region of Eastern Africa bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the south and east, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. Although the country is landlocked, much of the southwestern border is adjacent to Lake Tanganyika.

Official Name: Republika y’u Burundi. Short form: Burundi.

Country Calling Code: +257

Capital City: Bujumbura (pop 300 000)

Other Cities: Cibitoke, Muyinga, Ngozi, Bubanza, Gitega, Bururi.

Government Type: Republic

Independence: 1 July 1962 (from Belgium).

Nationality: Burundian(s).

Population: 10.2 million (2011)

Ethnic Groups (estimated): Hutu 85%; Tutsi 14%; Twa 1.0%.

Religions (estimated): Roman Catholic 60%-65%; Protestant 10%-15%;Traditional beliefs 15%-20%; Muslim 5%.

Languages: Rundi (Kirundi), and French (offiocial), Swahili (trade and governmental language)

Natural Resources: Nickel, uranium, rare earth oxides, peat, cobalt, copper, platinum (not yet exploited), vanadium, arable land, hydropower.

Agriculture Products: Coffee, cotton, tea, corn, sorghum, sweet potatoes, bananas, manioc (tapioca); beef, milk, hides.

Industries: Light consumer goods such as blankets, shoes, soap; assembly of imported components.

Çurrency: Burundi franc (BIF)

Source: www.nationsonline.org/Africa; www.bbc.com/ Burundi Profile; other.