Burkina Faso, also known by its short-form name Burkina, is a landlocked nation in West Africa. It is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north, Niger to the east, Benin to the south east, Togo and Ghana to the south, and Cote d’Ivoire to the south west.
Official Name: Burkina Faso. Short Form: Burkina.
Country Calling Code: +226.
Capital City: Ouagadougou (pop.1 million)
Other Cities: Bobo-Dioulasso (450,000), Koudougou (90,000), Banfora, Dori, Fada N’Gourma, Ouahigouy.
Government Type: Parliamentary Republic
Independence: 5 August 1960 (from France).
Population: 15.7 million (2010)
Ethnic Groups: 63 ethnic groups among which are Mossi (almost half of the total population), Bobo, Mande, Lobi, Fulani, Gourounsi, and Sénoufo.
Religions: Muslim 55%, Christian 25%, Traditional beliefs 20%.
Languages. French, Mooré, Dioula, Fulfuldé, others.
Natural Resources: Manganese, limestone, marble; small deposits of gold, phosphates, pumice, salt.
Agriculture Products: Cotton, peanuts, shea nuts, sesame, sorghum, millet, corn, rice; livestock
Industries: Cotton lint, beverages, agricultural processing, soap, cigarettes, textiles, gold.
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF).
Source: www.nationsonline.org/Africa; www.bbc.com/ Burkina Faso Profile; other.