The Republic of Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked nation in Southern Africa. Citizens of Botswana are Batswana (singular: Motswana), regardless of ethnicity. Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west, Zambia to the north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast.
Official Name: Republic of Botswana. Short Form: Botswana
Country Calling Code: +267
Capital City: Gaborone( pop. 213,000 )
Other Cities: Francistown (101,805 ), Selebi-Phikwe (49,017), Molepolole (47,094), Kanye (36,877), Serowe (33,335), Mahalapye (32,407), Lobatse (32,075), Maun (31,260), Mochudi (30,671).
Government Type: Republic, parliamentary democracy.
Independence: 30 September 1966 (from UK).
Nationality: Motswana (sing.), Batswana (pl.).
Population: 2 million (2011 census)
Ethnic Groups: Tswana (or Setswana) 79%; Kalanga 11%; Kgalagadi, Herero, Bayeyi, Himbukush, Basarwa (“Bushmen”), Khoi (“Hottentots”), whites 10%.
Religions: Christianity 60%, Indigenous beliefs 40%.
Languages: English (official), Setswana, Ikalanga.
Natural Resources: Diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash, coal, iron ore, silver.
Agriculture Products: Livestock, sorghum, maize, millet, beans, sunflowers, groundnuts.
Industries: Diamonds, copper, nickel, salt, soda ash, potash; livestock processing; textiles.
Currency: Pula (BWP).
Source: www.nationsonline.org/Africa; www.bbc.com/ Botswana Profile; other.