Benin officially the Republic of Benin, and also known as Benin Republic is a country in Western Africa. It borders Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east and Burkina Faso and Niger to the north; its short coastline to the south leads to the Bight of Benin.
Official Name: Republique du Bénin.Short Form: Bénin. International Short Form: Benin.
Country Calling Code: +229
Capital City: Porto Novo (pop. 295 000); Political and economic capital: Cotonou (pop. 2 million)
Other Cities: Abomey, Gavié, Kandi, Ouidah
Government Type: Republic.
Independence: 1 August 1960 (fom France).
Population: 9 million (2012)
Ethnic Groups: 42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, and Bariba.
Religions: Indigenous beliefs 50%, Christian 30%, Muslim 20%.
Languages: French (official), Fon and Yoruba in the south; Nagot, Bariba and Dendi in the north.
Natural Resources: Small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber.
Agriculture Products: Cotton, corn, cassava (tapioca), yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts, livestock (2001)
Industries: Textiles, food processing, construction materials, cement (2001)
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF).
Source: www.nationsonline.org/Africa; www.bbc.com/ Benin Profile; other.