Benin officially the Republic of Benin, and also known as Benin Republic is a country in Western Africa. It borders Togo to the west, Nigeria to the east and Burkina Faso and Niger to the north; its short coastline to the south leads to the Bight of Benin.

Official Name: Republique du Bénin.Short Form: Bénin. International Short Form: Benin.

Country Calling Code: +229

Capital City: Porto Novo (pop. 295 000); Political and economic capital: Cotonou (pop. 2 million)

Other Cities: Abomey, Gavié, Kandi, Ouidah

Government Type: Republic.

Independence: 1 August 1960 (fom France).

Nationality: Beninese

Population: 9 million (2012)

Ethnic Groups: 42 ethnic groups, most important being Fon, Adja, Yoruba, and Bariba.

Religions: Indigenous beliefs 50%, Christian 30%, Muslim 20%.

Languages: French (official), Fon and Yoruba in the south; Nagot, Bariba and Dendi in the north.

Natural Resources: Small offshore oil deposits, limestone, marble, timber.

Agriculture Products: Cotton, corn, cassava (tapioca), yams, beans, palm oil, peanuts, livestock (2001)

Industries: Textiles, food processing, construction materials, cement (2001)

Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc (XOF).

Source:; Benin Profile; other.